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Nobel Prize for Physics


areppim column chart and statistics of physics Nobel prize winners from 1901 to 2018, indicating the names, nationality and affiliation where applicable.

 

The laureates of Nobel prize for physics form an exclusive 18-member club, practically restricted to North Americans and Europeans, with respectively 46% and 47% membership, and only a minor presence from other continents reaching 7%.

In spite of their growing economic and political power, Asian big powers, of which China, India and Pakistan have already joined the Nobel club, do not yet challenge the western supremacy in the domain. Knowledge diffusion is a nice thing to advocate, but with respect to some arcane physics knowledge areas, owners try to keep doors securely fastened.

[In the chart, Soviet Union is included under Russia. Double nationals are counted twice, once for each nationality]

Nobel Prize for Physics

1901 - 2018

YearNameGenderCitizenshipSecond CitizenshipBornAffiliation at the time of the award
2018ArthurAshkinMaleUnited States1922Bell Laboratories, Holmdel, NJ, USA
2018GérardMourouMaleFrance1944École Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France , University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
2018DonnaStricklandFemaleCanada1959University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada
2017RainerWeissMaleUnited States1932LIGO/VIRGO Collaboration, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA, USA
2017Barry C.BarishMaleUnited States1936LIGO/VIRGO Collaboration, California Institute of Technology (Caltech), Pasadena, CA, USA
2017Kip S.ThorneMaleUnited States1940LIGO/VIRGO Collaboration, California Institute of Technology (Caltech), Pasadena, CA, USA
2016David JamesThoulessMaleUnited Kingdom1934University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
2016Frederick Duncan M.HaldaneMaleUnited KingdomUnited States1951Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA
2016John MichaelKosterlitzMaleUnited KingdomUnited States1942Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
2015Arthur B.McDonald MaleCanada1943Queen's University, Kingston, Canada.
2015TakaakiKajitaMaleJapan1959University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Japan.
2014IsamuAkasakiMaleJapan1929Meijo University, Nagoya, Japan; Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan.
2014HiroshiAmanoMaleJapan1960Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan.
2014ShujiNakamuraMaleJapanUnited States1954University of California, Santa Barbara, CA, USA.
2013FrançoisEnglertMaleBelgium1932Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium
2013Peter W.HiggsMaleUnited Kingdom1929University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
2012SergeHarocheMaleFrance1944Collège de France and École Normale Supérieure, Paris, France
2012David J.WinelandMaleUnited States1944National Institute of Standards and Technology and University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA
2011SaulPerlmutterMaleUnited States1959Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and University of California
2011Brian P.SchmidtMaleUnited States1967Australian National University
2011Adam G.RiessMaleUnited States1969Johns Hopkins University and Space Telescope Science Institute
2010AndreGeimMaleRussia1958University of Manchester
2010KonstantinNovoselovMaleRussia1974University of Manchester
2009Willard S. Boyle MaleCanada1924Bell Laboratories
2009Charles K.Kao MaleChina1933Chinese University of Hong Kong
2009George E. Smith MaleUnited States1930Bell Laboratories
2008MakotoKobayashiMaleJapan1944High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK)
2008ToshihideMaskawaMaleJapan1940Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics (YITP), Kyoto University
2008YoichiroNambu MaleUnited States1921Enrico Fermi Institute, University of Chicago
2007AlbertFertMaleFrance1938Université Paris-Sud
2007PeterGrünberg MaleGermany1939Forschungszentrum Jülich
2006John C.MatherMaleUnited States1946NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
2006George F.SmootMaleUnited States1945University of California
2005Roy J.GlauberMaleUnited States1925Harvard University
2005John L.HallMaleUnited States1934University of Colorado, JILA
2005Theodor W.HänschMaleGermany1941Max-Planck-Institut für Quantenoptik
2004David J.GrossMaleUnited States1941University of California, Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics
2004H. DavidPolitzerMaleUnited States1949California Institute of Technology (Caltech)
2004FrankWilczekMaleUnited States1951Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
2003Alexei A.AbrikosovMaleUnited StatesRussia1928Argonne National Laboratory
2003Vitaly L.GinzburgMaleRussia1916P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute
2003Anthony J.LeggettMaleUnited KingdomUnited States1938University of Illinois
2002RaymondDavis Jr.MaleUnited States1914University of Pennsylvania
2002RiccardoGiacconiMaleUnited States1931Associated Universities Inc.
2002MasatoshiKoshibaMaleJapan1926University of Tokyo
2001Eric A.CornellMaleUnited States1961University of Colorado, JILA
2001WolfgangKetterleMaleGermany1957Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
2001Carl E.WiemanMaleUnited States1951University of Colorado, JILA
2000Zhores I.AlferovMaleRussia1930A.F. Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute
2000Jack S.KilbyMaleUnited States1923Texas Instruments
2000HerbertKroemerMaleGermany1928University of California
1999Gerardus´t HooftMaleNetherlands1946Utrecht University
1999Martinus J.G.VeltmanMaleNetherlands1931
1998Robert B.LaughlinMaleUnited States1950Stanford University
1998Horst L.StörmerMaleGermany1949Columbia University
1998Daniel C.TsuiMaleUnited States1939Princeton University
1997StevenChuMaleUnited States1948Stanford University
1997ClaudeCohen-TannoudjiMaleFrance1933Collège de France
1997William D.PhillipsMaleUnited States1948National Institute of Standards and Technology
1996David M.LeeMaleUnited States1931Cornell University
1996Douglas D.OsheroffMaleUnited States1945Stanford University
1996Robert C.RichardsonMaleUnited States1937Cornell University
1995Martin L.PerlMaleUnited States1927Stanford University
1995FrederickReinesMaleUnited States1918University of California
1994Bertram N.BrockhouseMaleCanada1918McMaster University
1994Clifford G.ShullMaleUnited States1915Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
1993Russell A.HulseMaleUnited States1950Princeton University
1993Joseph H.Taylor Jr.MaleUnited States1941Princeton University
1992GeorgesCharpakMaleFrance1924CERN
1991Pierre-Gillesde GennesMaleFrance1932Collège de France
1990Jerome I.FriedmanMaleUnited States1930Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
1990Henry W.KendallMaleUnited States1926Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
1990Richard E.TaylorMaleCanada1929Stanford University
1989Hans G.DehmeltMaleUnited States1922University of Washington
1989WolfgangPaulMaleGermany1913University of Bonn
1989Norman F.RamseyMaleUnited States1915Harvard University
1988Leon M.LedermanMaleUnited States1922Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory
1988MelvinSchwartzMaleUnited States1932Digital Pathways, Inc.
1988JackSteinbergerMaleUnited States1921CERN
1987J. GeorgBednorzMaleGermany1950IBM Zurich Research Laboratory
1987K. AlexMüllerMaleSwitzerland1927IBM Zurich Research Laboratory
1986GerdBinnigMaleGermany1947IBM Zurich Research Laboratory
1986HeinrichRohrerMaleSwitzerland1933IBM Zurich Research Laboratory
1986ErnstRuskaMaleGermany1906Fritz-Haber-Institut der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft
1985Klausvon KlitzingMaleGermany1943Max-Planck-Institut für Festkörperforschung
1984CarloRubbiaMaleItaly1934CERN
1984Simonvan der MeerMaleNetherlands1925CERN
1983SubramanyanChandrasekharMaleUnited States1910University of Chicago
1983William A.FowlerMaleUnited States1911California Institute of Technology (Caltech)
1982Kenneth G.WilsonMaleUnited States1936Cornell University
1981NicolaasBloembergenMaleUnited States1920Harvard University
1981Arthur L.SchawlowMaleUnited States1921Stanford University
1981Kai M.SiegbahnMaleSweden1918Uppsala University
1980JamesCroninMaleUnited States1931University of Chicago
1980ValFitchMaleUnited States1923Princeton University
1979SheldonGlashowMaleUnited States1932Harvard University, Lyman Laboratory
1979AbdusSalamMalePakistan1926Imperial College
1979StevenWeinbergMaleUnited States1933Harvard University
1978PyotrKapitsaMaleSoviet Union1894Academy of Sciences
1978ArnoPenziasMaleUnited States1933Bell Laboratories
1978Robert WoodrowWilsonMaleUnited States1936Bell Laboratories
1977Philip W.AndersonMaleUnited States1923Bell Telephone Laboratories
1977Sir Nevill F.MottMaleUnited Kingdom1905University of Cambridge
1977John H.van VleckMaleUnited States1899Harvard University
1976BurtonRichterMaleUnited States1931Stanford Linear Accelerator Center
1976Samuel C.C.TingMaleUnited States1936Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
1975Aage N.BohrMaleDenmark1922Niels Bohr Institute
1975Ben R.MottelsonMaleDenmark1926Nordita
1975JamesRainwaterMaleUnited States1917Columbia University
1974AntonyHewishMaleUnited Kingdom1924University of Cambridge
1974MartinRyleMaleUnited Kingdom1918University of Cambridge
1973LeoEsakiMaleJapan1925IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center
1973IvarGiaeverMaleUnited States1929General Electric Company
1973Brian D.JosephsonMaleUnited Kingdom1940University of Cambridge
1972JohnBardeenMaleUnited States1908University of Illinois
1972Leon N.CooperMaleUnited States1930Brown University
1972RobertSchriefferMaleUnited States1931University of Pennsylvania
1971DennisGaborMaleUnited Kingdom1900Imperial College
1970HannesAlfvénMaleSweden1908Royal Institute of Technology
1970LouisNéelMaleFrance1904University of Grenoble
1969MurrayGell-MannMaleUnited States1929California Institute of Technology (Caltech)
1968LuisAlvarezMaleUnited States1911University of California
1967HansBetheMaleUnited States1906Cornell University
1966AlfredKastlerMaleFrance1902École Normale Supérieure
1965Richard P.FeynmanMaleUnited States1918California Institute of Technology (Caltech)
1965JulianSchwingerMaleUnited States1918Harvard University
1965Sin-ItiroTomonagaMaleJapan1906Tokyo University of Education
1964Nicolay G.BasovMaleSoviet Union1922P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute
1964Aleksandr M.ProkhorovMaleSoviet Union1916P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute
1964Charles H.TownesMaleUnited States1915Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
1963MariaGoeppert-MayerFemaleUnited States1906University of California
1963J. Hans D.JensenMaleGermany1907University of Heidelberg
1963EugeneWignerMaleUnited States1902Princeton University
1962LevLandauMaleSoviet Union1908Academy of Sciences
1961RobertHofstadterMaleUnited States1915Stanford University
1961RudolfMössbauerMaleGermany1929Technical University
1960Donald A.GlaserMaleUnited States1926University of California
1959OwenChamberlainMaleUnited States1920University of California
1959EmilioSegrèMaleUnited States1905University of California
1958Pavel A.CherenkovMaleSoviet Union1904P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute
1958Il´ja M.FrankMaleSoviet Union1908University of Moscow
1958Igor Y.TammMaleSoviet Union1895University of Moscow
1957Tsung-DaoLeeMaleChina1926Columbia University
1957Chen NingYangMaleChina1922Institute for Advanced Study
1956JohnBardeenMaleUnited States1908University of Illinois
1956Walter H.BrattainMaleUnited States1902Bell Telephone Laboratories
1956William B.ShockleyMaleUnited States1910Semiconductor Laboratory of Beckman Instruments, Inc.
1955PolykarpKuschMaleUnited States1911Columbia University
1955Willis E.LambMaleUnited States1913Stanford University
1954MaxBornMaleUnited Kingdom1882Edinburgh University
1954WaltherBotheMaleGermany1891University of Heidelberg
1953FritsZernikeMaleNetherlands1888Groningen University
1952FelixBlochMaleUnited States1905Stanford University
1952E. M.PurcellMaleUnited States1912Harvard University
1951JohnCockcroftMaleUnited Kingdom1897Atomic Energy Research Establishment
1951Ernest T.S.WaltonMaleIreland1903Trinity College
1950CecilPowellMaleUnited Kingdom1903Bristol University
1949HidekiYukawaMaleJapan1907Kyoto Imperial University
1948Patrick M.S.BlackettMaleUnited Kingdom1897Victoria University
1947Edward V.AppletonMaleUnited Kingdom1892Department of Scientific and Industrial Research
1946Percy W.BridgmanMaleUnited States1882Harvard University
1945WolfgangPauliMaleAustria1900Princeton University
1944Isidor IsaacRabiMaleUnited States1898Columbia University
1943OttoSternMaleUnited States1888Carnegie Institute of Technology
1939ErnestLawrenceMaleUnited States1901University of California
1938EnricoFermiMaleItaly1901Rome University
1937ClintonDavissonMaleUnited States1881Bell Telephone Laboratories
1937George PagetThomsonMaleUnited Kingdom1892London University
1936Carl D.AndersonMaleUnited States1905California Institute of Technology (Caltech)
1936Victor F.HessMaleAustria1883Innsbruck University
1935JamesChadwickMaleUnited Kingdom1891Liverpool University
1933Paul A.M.DiracMaleUnited Kingdom1902University of Cambridge
1933ErwinSchrödingerMaleAustria1887Berlin University
1932WernerHeisenbergMaleGermany1901Leipzig University
1930VenkataRamanMaleIndia1888Calcutta University
1929Louisde BroglieMaleFrance1892Sorbonne University, Institut Henri Poincaré
1928Owen WillansRichardsonMaleUnited Kingdom1879London University
1927Arthur H.ComptonMaleUnited States1892University of Chicago
1927C.T.R.WilsonMaleUnited Kingdom1869University of Cambridge
1926Jean BaptistePerrinMaleFrance1870Sorbonne University
1925JamesFranckMaleGermany1882Goettingen University
1925GustavHertzMaleGermany1887Halle University
1924ManneSiegbahnMaleSweden1886Uppsala University
1923Robert A.MillikanMaleUnited States1868California Institute of Technology (Caltech)
1922NielsBohrMaleDenmark1885Copenhagen University
1921AlbertEinsteinMaleGermanySwitzerland1879Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institut (now Max-Planck-Institut) für Physik
1920Charles EdouardGuillaumeMaleSwitzerland1861Bureau International des Poids et Mesures
1919JohannesStarkMaleGermany1874Greifswald University
1918MaxPlanckMaleGermany1858Berlin University
1917Charles GloverBarklaMaleUnited Kingdom1877Edinburgh University
1915WilliamBraggMaleUnited Kingdom1862London University
1915LawrenceBraggMaleUnited Kingdom1890Victoria University
1914Maxvon LaueMaleGermany1879Frankfurt-on-the-Main University
1913Heike KamerlinghOnnesMaleNetherlands1853Leiden University
1912GustafDalénMaleSweden1869Swedish Gas-Accumulator Co.
1911WilhelmWienMaleGermany1864Würzburg University
1910Johannes Diderikvan der WaalsMaleNetherlands1837Amsterdam University
1909FerdinandBraunMaleGermany1850Strasbourg University
1909GuglielmoMarconiMaleItaly1874Marconi Wireless Telegraph Co. Ltd.
1908GabrielLippmannMaleFrance1845Sorbonne University
1907Albert A.MichelsonMaleUnited States1852University of Chicago
1906J.J.ThomsonMaleUnited Kingdom1856University of Cambridge
1905PhilippLenardMaleGermany1862Kiel University
1904Lord RayleighMaleUnited Kingdom1842Royal Institution of Great Britain
1903HenriBecquerelMaleFrance1852École Polytechnique
1903PierreCurieMaleFrance1859École municipale de physique et de chimie industrielles
1903MarieCurieFemaleFrance1867Sorbonne University
1902Hendrik A.LorentzMaleNetherlands1853Leiden University
1902PieterZeemanMaleNetherlands1865Amsterdam University
1901Wilhelm ConradRöntgenMaleGermany1845Munich University

 

Sources: Nobelprize