areppim column chart and statistics showing the distribution of all Nobel prizes for chemistry by nation from 1901 to 2017. United States nationals obtained 72 awards or 38% of the total Nobel prizes for chemistry since 1901. The North American region, United States and Canada, reaches a 40% share of the prizes, to  50.5% for Europe as a whole, and 9% for the rest of the world.

United States nationals obtained 72 awards or 38% of the total Nobel prizes for chemistry since 1901. The North American region, United States and Canada, reaches a 40% share of the prizes, to 50.5% for Europe as a whole, and 9% for the rest of the world. Small nations such as Israel, Switzerland, Sweden and Netherlands appear in the top 10 places.

In the chart, former Soviet Union appears under Russia and former Czechoslovakia as Czech Republic. Double nationals are counted twice, once for each nationality.


Nobel Prize for Chemistry
1901 - 2017





Second Citizenship



Affiliation at the time of the award

2017JacquesDubochetMaleSwitzerland 1942 University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
2017JoachimFrankMaleGermanyUnited States1940 Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
2017Richard Henderson MaleUnited Kingdom 1945 MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, United Kingdom
2016Jean-PierreSauvageMaleFrance 1944 University of Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France
2016Sir James FraserStoddartMaleUnited KingdomUnited States1942 Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA
2016Bernard LucasFeringa MaleNetherlands 1951 University of Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands
2015TomasLindahlMaleSweden 1938 Francis Crick Institute, Hertfordshire, United Kingdom, Clare Hall Laboratory, Hertfordshire, United Kingdom
2015PaulModrichMaleUnited States 1946 Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Durham, NC, USA, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, USA
2015AzizSancarMaleTurkey 1946 University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
2014Eric BetzigEric BetzigMaleUnited States 1960 Janelia Research Campus, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Ashburn, VA, USA.
2014Stefan W.HellMaleGermany 1962 Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Göttingen,  Germany;  German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg, Germany.
2014William E.MoernerMaleUnited States 1953 Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA.
2013MartinKarplusMaleAustria 1930 Université de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France. Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA.
2013MichaelLevittMaleUnited StatesUnited Kingdom, Israel1947 Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.
2013AriehWarshelMaleIsraelUnited States1940 University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
2012Robert J.LefkowitzMaleUnited States 1943  Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
2012Brian K.KobilkaMaleUnited States 1955 Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA
2011DanShechtmanMaleIsrael 1941 Technion – Israel Institute of Technology
2010Richard F.Heck MaleUnited States 1931 University of Delaware
2010Ei-ichiNegishiMaleChina 1935 Purdue University
2010AkiraSuzukiMaleJapan 1930 Hokkaido University
2009Venkatraman Ramakrishnan MaleUnited States 1952 MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology
2009Thomas A. SteitzMaleUnited States 1940 Yale University
2009Ada E.YonathFemaleIsrael 1939 Weizmann Institute of Science
2008MartinChalfie MaleUnited States 1947 Columbia University
2008OsamuShimomura MaleUnited States 1928 Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL); Boston University Medical School
2008Roger Y. TsienMaleUnited States 1952 University of California, Howard Hughes Medical Institute
2007GerhardErtl MaleGermany 1936 Fritz-Haber-Institut der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft
2006Roger D.KornbergMaleUnited States 1947 Stanford University
2005YvesChauvinMaleFrance 1930 Institut Français du Pétrole
2005Robert H.GrubbsMaleUnited States 1942 California Institute of Technology (Caltech)
2005Richard R.SchrockMaleUnited States 1945 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
2004AaronCiechanoverMaleIsrael 1947 Technion – Israel Institute of Technology
2004AvramHershkoMaleIsrael 1937 Technion – Israel Institute of Technology
2004IrwinRoseMaleUnited States 1926 University of California
2003PeterAgreMaleUnited States 1949 Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
2003RoderickMacKinnonMaleUnited States 1956 Rockefeller University
2002John B.FennMaleUnited States 1917 Virginia Commonwealth University
2002KoichiTanakaMaleJapan 1959 Shimadzu Corp.
2002KurtWüthrichMaleSwitzerland 1938 Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule
2001William S.KnowlesMaleUnited States 1917  
2001RyojiNoyoriMaleJapan 1938 Nagoya University
2001K. BarrySharplessMaleUnited States 1941 The Scripps Research Institute
2000AlanHeegerMaleUnited States 1936 University of California
2000Alan G.MacDiarmidMaleUnited StatesNew Zealand1927 University of Pennsylvania
2000HidekiShirakawaMaleJapan 1936 University of Tsukuba
1999AhmedZewailMaleEgyptUnited States1946 California Institute of Technology (Caltech)
1998WalterKohnMaleUnited States 1923 University of California
1998JohnPopleMaleUnited Kingdom 1925 Northwestern University
1997Paul D.BoyerMaleUnited States 1918 University of California
1997Jens C.SkouMaleDenmark 1918 Aarhus University
1997John E.WalkerMaleUnited Kingdom 1941 MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology
1996Robert F.Curl Jr.MaleUnited States 1933 Rice University
1996Sir HaroldKrotoMaleUnited Kingdom 1939 University of Sussex
1996Richard E.SmalleyMaleUnited States 1943 Rice University
1995Paul J.CrutzenMaleNetherlands 1933 Max-Planck-Institut für Chemie
1995Mario J.MolinaMaleUnited States 1943 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
1995F. SherwoodRowlandMaleUnited States 1927 University of California
1994George A.OlahMaleUnited States 1927 University of Southern California
1993Kary B.MullisMaleUnited States 1944  
1993MichaelSmithMaleCanada 1932 University of British Columbia
1992Rudolph A.MarcusMaleUnited States 1923 California Institute of Technology (Caltech)
1991Richard R.ErnstMaleSwitzerland 1933 Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule
1990Elias JamesCoreyMaleUnited States 1928 Harvard University
1989SidneyAltmanMaleCanadaUnited States1939 Yale University
1989Thomas R.CechMaleUnited States 1947 University of Colorado
1988JohannDeisenhoferMaleGermany 1943 University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas
1988RobertHuberMaleGermany 1937 Max-Planck-Institut für Biochemie
1988HartmutMichelMaleGermany 1948 Max-Planck-Institut für Biophysik
1987Donald J.CramMaleUnited States 1919 University of California
1987Jean-MarieLehnMaleFrance 1939 Université Louis Pasteur
1987Charles J.PedersenMaleUnited States 1904 Du Pont
1986Dudley R.HerschbachMaleUnited States 1932 Harvard University
1986Yuan T.LeeMaleUnited States 1936 University of California
1986John C.PolanyiMaleCanada 1929 University of Toronto
1985Herbert A.HauptmanMaleUnited States 1917 The Medical Foundation of Buffalo
1985JeromeKarleMaleUnited States 1918 US Naval Research Laboratory
1984BruceMerrifieldMaleUnited States 1921 Rockefeller University
1983HenryTaubeMaleUnited States 1915 Stanford University
1982AaronKlugMaleUnited Kingdom 1926 MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology
1981KenichiFukuiMaleJapan 1918 Kyoto University
1981RoaldHoffmannMaleUnited States 1937 Cornell University
1980PaulBergMaleUnited States 1926 Stanford University
1980WalterGilbertMaleUnited States 1932 Harvard University, Biological Laboratories
1980FrederickSangerMaleUnited Kingdom 1918 MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology
1979Herbert C.BrownMaleUnited States 1912 Purdue University
1979GeorgWittigMaleGermany 1897 University of Heidelberg
1978PeterMitchellMaleUnited Kingdom 1920 Glynn Research Laboratories
1977IlyaPrigogineMaleBelgium 1917 University of Texas
1976WilliamLipscombMaleUnited States 1919 Harvard University
1975JohnCornforthMaleAustraliaUnited Kingdom1917 University of Sussex
1975VladimirPrelogMaleSwitzerland 1906 Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule
1974Paul J.FloryMaleUnited States 1910 Stanford University
1973Ernst OttoFischerMaleGermany 1918 Technical University
1973GeoffreyWilkinsonMaleUnited Kingdom 1921 Imperial College
1972ChristianAnfinsenMaleUnited States 1916 National Institutes of Health
1972StanfordMooreMaleUnited States 1913 Rockefeller University
1972William H.SteinMaleUnited States 1911 Rockefeller University
1971GerhardHerzbergMaleCanada 1904 National Research Council of Canada
1970LuisLeloirMaleArgentina 1906 Institute for Biochemical Research
1969DerekBartonMaleUnited Kingdom 1918 Imperial College
1969OddHasselMaleNorway 1897 University of Oslo
1968LarsOnsagerMaleUnited States 1903 Yale University
1967ManfredEigenMaleGermany 1927 Max-Planck-Institut für Physikalische Chemie
1967Ronald G.W.NorrishMaleUnited Kingdom 1897 Institute of Physical Chemistry
1967GeorgePorterMaleUnited Kingdom 1920 Royal Institution of Great Britain
1966Robert S.MullikenMaleUnited States 1896 University of Chicago
1965Robert B.WoodwardMaleUnited States 1917 Harvard University
1964Dorothy CrowfootHodgkinFemaleUnited Kingdom 1910 University of Oxford, Royal Society
1963GiulioNattaMaleItaly 1903 Institute of Technology
1963KarlZieglerMaleGermany 1898 Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung (Max-Planck-Institute for Carbon Research)
1962John C.KendrewMaleUnited Kingdom 1917 MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology
1962Max F.PerutzMaleUnited Kingdom 1914 MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology
1961MelvinCalvinMaleUnited States 1911 University of California
1960Willard F.LibbyMaleUnited States 1908 University of California
1959JaroslavHeyrovskyMaleCzechoslovakia 1890 Polarographic Institute of the Czechoslovak Academy of Science
1958FrederickSangerMaleUnited Kingdom 1918 University of Cambridge
1957Lord Todd MaleUnited Kingdom 1907 University of Cambridge
1956Sir CyrilHinshelwoodMaleUnited Kingdom 1897 University of Oxford
1956NikolaySemenovMaleSoviet Union 1896 Institute for Chemical Physics of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR
1955Vincentdu VigneaudMaleUnited States 1901 Cornell University
1954LinusPaulingMaleUnited States 1901 California Institute of Technology (Caltech)
1953HermannStaudingerMaleGermany 1881 University of Freiburg
1952Archer J.P.MartinMaleUnited Kingdom 1910 National Institute for Medical Research
1952Richard L.M.SyngeMaleUnited Kingdom 1914 Rowett Research Institute
1951Edwin M.McMillanMaleUnited States 1907 University of California
1951Glenn T.SeaborgMaleUnited States 1912 University of California
1950KurtAlderMaleGermany 1902 Cologne University
1950OttoDielsMaleGermany 1876 Kiel University
1949William F.GiauqueMaleUnited States 1895 University of California
1948ArneTiseliusMaleSweden 1902 Uppsala University
1947Sir RobertRobinsonMaleUnited Kingdom 1886 University of Oxford
1946John H.NorthropMaleUnited States 1891 Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research
1946Wendell M.StanleyMaleUnited States 1904 Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research
1946James B.SumnerMaleUnited States 1887 Cornell University
1945ArtturiVirtanenMaleFinland 1895 Helsinki University
1944OttoHahnMaleGermany 1879 Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institut (now Max-Planck Institut) für Chemie
1943Georgede HevesyMaleHungary 1885 Stockholm University
1939AdolfButenandtMaleGermany 1903forced to declineKaiser-Wilhelm-Institut (now Max-Planck-Institut) für Biochemie
1939LeopoldRuzickaMaleSwitzerland 1887 Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule
1938RichardKuhnMaleGermany 1900forced to declineUniversity of Heidelberg
1937NormanHaworthMaleUnited Kingdom 1883 Birmingham University
1937PaulKarrerMaleSwitzerland 1889 University of Zurich
1936PeterDebyeMaleNetherlands 1884 Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institut (now Max-Planck-Institut) für Physik
1935FrédéricJoliotMaleFrance 1900 Institut du Radium
1935IrèneJoliot-CurieFemaleFrance 1897 Institut du Radium
1934Harold C.UreyMaleUnited States 1893 Columbia University
1932IrvingLangmuirMaleUnited States 1881 General Electric Company
1931FriedrichBergiusMaleGermany 1884 University of Heidelberg
1931CarlBoschMaleGermany 1874 University of Heidelberg
1930HansFischerMaleGermany 1881 Technische Hochschule
1929ArthurHardenMaleUnited Kingdom 1865 London University
1929Hansvon Euler-ChelpinMaleSweden 1873 Stockholm University
1928AdolfWindausMaleGermany 1876 Goettingen University
1927HeinrichWielandMaleGermany 1877 Munich University
1926TheSvedbergMaleSweden 1884 Uppsala University
1925RichardZsigmondyMaleGermany 1865 Goettingen University
1923FritzPreglMaleAustria 1869 Graz University
1922Francis W.AstonMaleUnited Kingdom 1877 University of Cambridge
1921FrederickSoddyMaleUnited Kingdom 1877 University of Oxford
1920WaltherNernstMaleGermany 1864 Berlin University
1918FritzHaberMaleGermany 1868 Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institut (now Fritz-Haber-Institut) für physikalische Chemie und Electrochemie
1915RichardWillstätterMaleGermany 1872 Munich University
1914Theodore W.RichardsMaleUnited States 1868 Harvard University
1913AlfredWernerMaleSwitzerland 1866 University of Zurich
1912VictorGrignardMaleFrance 1871 Nancy University
1912PaulSabatierMaleFrance 1854 Toulouse University
1911MarieCurieFemaleFrance 1867 Sorbonne University
1910OttoWallachMaleGermany 1847 Goettingen University
1909WilhelmOstwaldMaleGermany 1853 Leipzig University
1908ErnestRutherfordMaleUnited KingdomNew Zealand1871 Victoria University
1907EduardBuchnerMaleGermany 1860 Landwirtschaftliche Hochschule
1906HenriMoissanMaleFrance 1852 Sorbonne University
1905Adolfvon BaeyerMaleGermany 1835 Munich University
1904Sir WilliamRamsayMaleUnited Kingdom 1852 London University
1903SvanteArrheniusMaleSweden 1859 Stockholm University
1902EmilFischerMaleGermany 1852 Berlin University
1901Jacobus H.van 't HoffMaleNetherlands 1852 Berlin University


Sources: see Nobelprize


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