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Trade as percent of WGP
Balance by country group
Current account balances
Chart and statistics of the world 20 biggest merchandise exporters and importers for the period 2005 to 2010. In 2010 the number 1 exporter is China with 1,578 billion current US$, followed by the United States with 1,278 billion and Germany with 1,269 billion. The 3 top importers are the United States with 1,968 billion, followed by China with 1,395 and Germany with 1,067. The 3 biggest trade balances have been achieved by Germany with 202 billion, followed by China with 183, and Russia with 152. The biggest trade deficits are those of the USA with -690 billion, United Kingdom with -153, and India with -107.
Chart and statistics of the relationship between world merchandise trade and wgp (world gross product) 1948-2010. In 2010, world merchandise trade grew by 20.1% over the preceding year in constant US$ of 2005, reaching a total of 27,665 billion, or 48.6% of a wgp (world gross product) estimated at 56,976 billion constant US$. From 1948 to 2010, trade grew at an average annual growth rate of 5.8%(doubling time of 12.4 years). From 1960 to 2010, trade grew at a rate of 6.1%(doubling time 11.7 years), while wgp grew at a rate of 4.2%(doubling time 16.9 years), thus illustrating the growing importance of merchandise trade as a component of wgp.
Chart and statistics of 2009 current account balances and gdp. On the surplus side, one finds a mix of strong industrial and service-oriented economies, and countries with plentiful natural resources such as oil, natural gas, raw materials or agricultural commodities. China leads with a surplus of 297 billion current US$ or 6% of GDP, followed by Germany with a surplus of 166 billion US$ or 5% of GDP and Japan with a surplus of 142 billion US$ or 2.8% of GDP. The rest of the top 10 surplus economies are in descending order Norway, Russia, Korea, Switzerland, Netherlands, Singapore and Malaysia. On the deficit side, we find the highly indebted countries, led by the United States with a deficit of 378 billion US$ or 2.7% of GDP, Spain with a deficit of 80 billion US$ or 5.5% of GDP and Italy with a deficit of 66 billion or 3% of GDP. Follow in descending order France, Canada, United Kingdom, Greece, India, Brazil and Portugal.
Chart and statistics of the balances of current accounts of six regional or political aggregates in constant US dollars (2005=100) from 1960 to 2009. Surpluses and deficits have grown exponentially at average annual rates between 6% and 8%. The Arab world experienced periods of negative current account balances (1983-1989 and 1991-1993). However, thanks to the oil and gas rent, the years 2000 have allowed this group of countries to achieve massive positive balances. The East Asia and Pacific group built huge surpluses since the 1980's. The Europe and Central Asia aggregate has also important surpluses, thanks mainly to Germany with its strong merchandise trade surplus, and Russia, with its vast natural resources. The European Union has a historical alternation of surpluses and deficits, that in the recent years tends to crystallize in regular and increasingly heavier deficits. The Latin America and the Caribbean aggregate has traditionally been on the deficit side. The positive effects of Argentina and Venezuela are erased by the deficits of Brazil and Mexico. North America includes Canada that has finished the year with a current account deficit for many decades. The real problem is the United States that since 1982 registered only negative balances, the only exception being in 1991, under President George H. Bush. With Presidents Clinton and George W. Bush, deficits became bigger and bigger and attained the deepest point in 2006, amounting to 803 billion US$ current or 777 billion US$ constant (2005=100). This is currently the biggest culprit for the unhealthy status of the world economy.
World trade 2005-2009-I
Current account balance
World GDP/Current account
Current account in % of GDP
world trade & GDP
world trade in % of GDP
2007 leading exporters and importers