The Afghan and Iraq wars collect high prices from US soldiers in terms of bodily suffering. Not only the number of deaths is relatively higher than in the other wars fought by the US in the last couple of decades (deaths in afghan war), but also the number of wounded per death reaches the highest values, all principal wars of the US history considered. With 31,454 wounded in Iraq and 3,372 in Afghanistan, the US forces have respectively 7.3 and 4.5 wounded per death, which is much higher than the average or the median of 2 (rounded to the unit) wounded per death of all the principal wars. To further the pain, 1 in every 44 (Iraq war) or 41 (Afghan war) wounded required amputation, which is the worst record after the Vietnam war (1 amputation in every 29 wounded) (see also Afghanistan war casualties).
Principal Wars in Which the US Participated
|War of 1812||1812-1815||2,260||4,505||1:2.0|
|Civil War (Union Forces Only)||1861-1865||364,511||281,881||1:0.8|
|World War 2||1941-1946||405,399||670,846||7,489||1:1.7||1:89.6 (0.01)|
|World War 1||1917-1918||116,516||204,002||2,610||1:1.8||1:78.2 (0.01)|
|Korea War||1950-1953||36,574||103,284||1,477||1:2.8||1:69.9 (0.01)|
|Vietnam War||1964-1973||58,220||153,303||5,283||1:2.6||1:29.0 (0.03)|
|Persian Gulf War||1990-1991||382||467||1:1.2|
|OEF ¹||2001-present||751||3,372||45||1:4.5||1:40.5 (0.02)|
|OIF ¹||2003-present||4,319||31,454||664||1:7.3||1:43.5 ¦0.02)|
|¹ OEF = Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan. OIF = Operation Iraqi Freedom.|
|² Deaths and Wounded figures for OIF and OEF as of 25 July 2009.|
|³ Amputations data as of December 2007. Wounded data have been synchronised for ratio computation purposes.|
Sources: see CRS Reports and DoD Personnel Statistics.
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