areppim column chart and statistics of physics Nobel prize winners from 1901 to 2017, indicating the names, nationality and affiliation where applicable. The laureates of Nobel prize for physics form an exclusive 18-member club, practically restricted to North Americans and Europeans, with respectively 46% and 47% membership, and only a minor presence from other continents reaching 7%.

The laureates of Nobel prize for physics form an exclusive 18-member club, practically restricted to North Americans and Europeans, with respectively 46% and 47% membership, and only a minor presence from other continents reaching 7%.

In spite of their growing economic and political power, Asian big powers, of which China, India and Pakistan have already joined the Nobel club, do not yet challenge the western supremacy in the domain. Knowledge diffusion is a nice thing to advocate, but with respect to some arcane physics knowledge areas, owners try to keep doors securely fastened.

[In the chart, Soviet Union is included under Russia. Double nationals are counted twice, once for each nationality]

 

Nobel Prize for Physics
1901 - 2017

Year

Name

Gender

Citizenship

Second Citizenship

Born

Affiliation at the time of the award

2017RainerWeissMaleUnited States 1932LIGO/VIRGO Collaboration, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA, USA
2017Barry C.BarishMaleUnited States 1936LIGO/VIRGO Collaboration, California Institute of Technology (Caltech), Pasadena, CA, USA
2017Kip S.ThorneMaleUnited States 1940LIGO/VIRGO Collaboration, California Institute of Technology (Caltech), Pasadena, CA, USA
2016David JamesThoulessMaleUnited Kingdom 1934University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
2016Frederick Duncan M.HaldaneMaleUnited KingdomUnited States1951Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA
2016John MichaelKosterlitzMaleUnited KingdomUnited States1942Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
2015Arthur B.McDonald MaleCanada 1943Queen's University, Kingston, Canada.
2015TakaakiKajitaMaleJapan 1959University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Japan.
2014IsamuAkasakiMaleJapan 1929Meijo University, Nagoya, Japan; Nagoya University,  Nagoya, Japan.
2014HiroshiAmanoMaleJapan 1960Nagoya University,  Nagoya, Japan.
2014ShujiNakamuraMaleJapanUnited States1954University of California, Santa Barbara, CA, USA.
2013FrançoisEnglertMaleBelgium 1932Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium
2013Peter W.HiggsMaleUnited Kingdom 1929University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
2012SergeHarocheMaleFrance 1944Collège de France and École Normale Supérieure, Paris, France
2012David J.WinelandMaleUnited States 1944National Institute of Standards and Technology and University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA
2011SaulPerlmutterMaleUnited States 1959Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and University of California
2011Brian P.SchmidtMaleUnited States 1967Australian National University
2011Adam G.RiessMaleUnited States 1969Johns Hopkins University and Space Telescope Science Institute
2010AndreGeimMaleRussia 1958University of Manchester
2010KonstantinNovoselovMaleRussia 1974University of Manchester
2009Willard S. Boyle MaleCanada 1924Bell Laboratories
2009Charles K.Kao MaleChina 1933Chinese University of Hong Kong
2009George E. Smith MaleUnited States 1930Bell Laboratories
2008MakotoKobayashiMaleJapan 1944High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK)
2008ToshihideMaskawaMaleJapan 1940Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics (YITP), Kyoto University
2008YoichiroNambu MaleUnited States 1921Enrico Fermi Institute, University of Chicago
2007AlbertFertMaleFrance 1938Université Paris-Sud
2007PeterGrünberg MaleGermany 1939Forschungszentrum Jülich
2006John C.MatherMaleUnited States 1946NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
2006George F.SmootMaleUnited States 1945University of California
2005Roy J.GlauberMaleUnited States 1925Harvard University
2005John L.HallMaleUnited States 1934University of Colorado, JILA
2005Theodor W.HänschMaleGermany 1941Max-Planck-Institut für Quantenoptik
2004David J.GrossMaleUnited States 1941University of California, Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics
2004H. DavidPolitzerMaleUnited States 1949California Institute of Technology (Caltech)
2004FrankWilczekMaleUnited States 1951Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
2003Alexei A.AbrikosovMaleUnited StatesRussia1928Argonne National Laboratory
2003Vitaly L.GinzburgMaleRussia 1916P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute
2003Anthony J.LeggettMaleUnited KingdomUnited States1938University of Illinois
2002RaymondDavis Jr.MaleUnited States 1914University of Pennsylvania
2002RiccardoGiacconiMaleUnited States 1931Associated Universities Inc.
2002MasatoshiKoshibaMaleJapan 1926University of Tokyo
2001Eric A.CornellMaleUnited States 1961University of Colorado, JILA
2001WolfgangKetterleMaleGermany 1957Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
2001Carl E.WiemanMaleUnited States 1951University of Colorado, JILA
2000Zhores I.AlferovMaleRussia 1930A.F. Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute
2000Jack S.KilbyMaleUnited States 1923Texas Instruments
2000HerbertKroemerMaleGermany 1928University of California
1999Gerardus 't HooftMaleNetherlands 1946Utrecht University
1999Martinus J.G.VeltmanMaleNetherlands 1931 
1998Robert B.LaughlinMaleUnited States 1950Stanford University
1998Horst L.StörmerMaleGermany 1949Columbia University
1998Daniel C.TsuiMaleUnited States 1939Princeton University
1997StevenChuMaleUnited States 1948Stanford University
1997ClaudeCohen-TannoudjiMaleFrance 1933Collège de France
1997William D.PhillipsMaleUnited States 1948National Institute of Standards and Technology
1996David M.LeeMaleUnited States 1931Cornell University
1996Douglas D.OsheroffMaleUnited States 1945Stanford University
1996Robert C.RichardsonMaleUnited States 1937Cornell University
1995Martin L.PerlMaleUnited States 1927Stanford University
1995FrederickReinesMaleUnited States 1918University of California
1994Bertram N.BrockhouseMaleCanada 1918McMaster University
1994Clifford G.ShullMaleUnited States 1915Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
1993Russell A.HulseMaleUnited States 1950Princeton University
1993Joseph H.Taylor Jr.MaleUnited States 1941Princeton University
1992GeorgesCharpakMaleFrance 1924CERN
1991Pierre-Gillesde GennesMaleFrance 1932Collège de France
1990Jerome I.FriedmanMaleUnited States 1930Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
1990Henry W.KendallMaleUnited States 1926Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
1990Richard E.TaylorMaleCanada 1929Stanford University
1989Hans G.DehmeltMaleUnited States 1922University of Washington
1989WolfgangPaulMaleGermany 1913University of Bonn
1989Norman F.RamseyMaleUnited States 1915Harvard University
1988Leon M.LedermanMaleUnited States 1922Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory
1988MelvinSchwartzMaleUnited States 1932Digital Pathways, Inc.
1988JackSteinbergerMaleUnited States 1921CERN
1987J. GeorgBednorzMaleGermany 1950IBM Zurich Research Laboratory
1987K. AlexMüllerMaleSwitzerland 1927IBM Zurich Research Laboratory
1986GerdBinnigMaleGermany 1947IBM Zurich Research Laboratory
1986HeinrichRohrerMaleSwitzerland 1933IBM Zurich Research Laboratory
1986ErnstRuskaMaleGermany 1906Fritz-Haber-Institut der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft
1985Klausvon KlitzingMaleGermany 1943Max-Planck-Institut für Festkörperforschung
1984CarloRubbiaMaleItaly 1934CERN
1984Simonvan der MeerMaleNetherlands 1925CERN
1983SubramanyanChandrasekharMaleUnited States 1910University of Chicago
1983William A.FowlerMaleUnited States 1911California Institute of Technology (Caltech)
1982Kenneth G.WilsonMaleUnited States 1936Cornell University
1981NicolaasBloembergenMaleUnited States 1920Harvard University
1981Arthur L.SchawlowMaleUnited States 1921Stanford University
1981Kai M.SiegbahnMaleSweden 1918Uppsala University
1980JamesCroninMaleUnited States 1931University of Chicago
1980ValFitchMaleUnited States 1923Princeton University
1979SheldonGlashowMaleUnited States 1932Harvard University, Lyman Laboratory
1979AbdusSalamMalePakistan 1926Imperial College
1979StevenWeinbergMaleUnited States 1933Harvard University
1978PyotrKapitsaMaleSoviet Union 1894Academy of Sciences
1978ArnoPenziasMaleUnited States 1933Bell Laboratories
1978Robert WoodrowWilsonMaleUnited States 1936Bell Laboratories
1977Philip W.AndersonMaleUnited States 1923Bell Telephone Laboratories
1977Sir Nevill F.MottMaleUnited Kingdom 1905University of Cambridge
1977John H.van VleckMaleUnited States 1899Harvard University
1976BurtonRichterMaleUnited States 1931Stanford Linear Accelerator Center
1976Samuel C.C.TingMaleUnited States 1936Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
1975Aage N.BohrMaleDenmark 1922Niels Bohr Institute
1975Ben R.MottelsonMaleDenmark 1926Nordita
1975JamesRainwaterMaleUnited States 1917Columbia University
1974AntonyHewishMaleUnited Kingdom 1924University of Cambridge
1974MartinRyleMaleUnited Kingdom 1918University of Cambridge
1973LeoEsakiMaleJapan 1925IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center
1973IvarGiaeverMaleUnited States 1929General Electric Company
1973Brian D.JosephsonMaleUnited Kingdom 1940University of Cambridge
1972JohnBardeenMaleUnited States 1908University of Illinois
1972Leon N.CooperMaleUnited States 1930Brown University
1972RobertSchriefferMaleUnited States 1931University of Pennsylvania
1971DennisGaborMaleUnited Kingdom 1900Imperial College
1970HannesAlfvénMaleSweden 1908Royal Institute of Technology
1970LouisNéelMaleFrance 1904University of Grenoble
1969MurrayGell-MannMaleUnited States 1929California Institute of Technology (Caltech)
1968LuisAlvarezMaleUnited States 1911University of California
1967HansBetheMaleUnited States 1906Cornell University
1966AlfredKastlerMaleFrance 1902École Normale Supérieure
1965Richard P.FeynmanMaleUnited States 1918California Institute of Technology (Caltech)
1965JulianSchwingerMaleUnited States 1918Harvard University
1965Sin-ItiroTomonagaMaleJapan 1906Tokyo University of Education
1964Nicolay G.BasovMaleSoviet Union 1922P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute
1964Aleksandr M.ProkhorovMaleSoviet Union 1916P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute
1964Charles H.TownesMaleUnited States 1915Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
1963MariaGoeppert-MayerFemaleUnited States 1906University of California
1963J. Hans D.JensenMaleGermany 1907University of Heidelberg
1963EugeneWignerMaleUnited States 1902Princeton University
1962LevLandauMaleSoviet Union 1908Academy of Sciences
1961RobertHofstadterMaleUnited States 1915Stanford University
1961RudolfMössbauerMaleGermany 1929Technical University
1960Donald A.GlaserMaleUnited States 1926University of California
1959OwenChamberlainMaleUnited States 1920University of California
1959EmilioSegrèMaleUnited States 1905University of California
1958Pavel A.CherenkovMaleSoviet Union 1904P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute
1958Ilīja M.FrankMaleSoviet Union 1908University of Moscow
1958Igor Y.TammMaleSoviet Union 1895University of Moscow
1957Tsung-DaoLeeMaleChina 1926Columbia University
1957Chen NingYangMaleChina 1922Institute for Advanced Study
1956JohnBardeenMaleUnited States 1908University of Illinois
1956Walter H.BrattainMaleUnited States 1902Bell Telephone Laboratories
1956William B.ShockleyMaleUnited States 1910Semiconductor Laboratory of Beckman Instruments, Inc.
1955PolykarpKuschMaleUnited States 1911Columbia University
1955Willis E.LambMaleUnited States 1913Stanford University
1954MaxBornMaleUnited Kingdom 1882Edinburgh University
1954WaltherBotheMaleGermany 1891University of Heidelberg
1953FritsZernikeMaleNetherlands 1888Groningen University
1952FelixBlochMaleUnited States 1905Stanford University
1952E. M.PurcellMaleUnited States 1912Harvard University
1951JohnCockcroftMaleUnited Kingdom 1897Atomic Energy Research Establishment
1951Ernest T.S.WaltonMaleIreland 1903Trinity College
1950CecilPowellMaleUnited Kingdom 1903Bristol University
1949HidekiYukawaMaleJapan 1907Kyoto Imperial University
1948Patrick M.S.BlackettMaleUnited Kingdom 1897Victoria University
1947Edward V.AppletonMaleUnited Kingdom 1892Department of Scientific and Industrial Research
1946Percy W.BridgmanMaleUnited States 1882Harvard University
1945WolfgangPauliMaleAustria 1900Princeton University
1944Isidor IsaacRabiMaleUnited States 1898Columbia University
1943OttoSternMaleUnited States 1888Carnegie Institute of Technology
1939ErnestLawrenceMaleUnited States 1901University of California
1938EnricoFermiMaleItaly 1901Rome University
1937ClintonDavissonMaleUnited States 1881Bell Telephone Laboratories
1937George PagetThomsonMaleUnited Kingdom 1892London University
1936Carl D.AndersonMaleUnited States 1905California Institute of Technology (Caltech)
1936Victor F.HessMaleAustria 1883Innsbruck University
1935JamesChadwickMaleUnited Kingdom 1891Liverpool University
1933Paul A.M.DiracMaleUnited Kingdom 1902University of Cambridge
1933ErwinSchrödingerMaleAustria 1887Berlin University
1932WernerHeisenbergMaleGermany 1901Leipzig University
1930VenkataRamanMaleIndia 1888Calcutta University
1929Louisde BroglieMaleFrance 1892Sorbonne University, Institut Henri Poincaré
1928Owen WillansRichardsonMaleUnited Kingdom 1879London University
1927Arthur H.ComptonMaleUnited States 1892University of Chicago
1927C.T.R.WilsonMaleUnited Kingdom 1869University of Cambridge
1926Jean BaptistePerrinMaleFrance 1870Sorbonne University
1925JamesFranckMaleGermany 1882Goettingen University
1925GustavHertzMaleGermany 1887Halle University
1924ManneSiegbahnMaleSweden 1886Uppsala University
1923Robert A.MillikanMaleUnited States 1868California Institute of Technology (Caltech)
1922NielsBohrMaleDenmark 1885Copenhagen University
1921AlbertEinsteinMaleGermanySwitzerland1879Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institut (now Max-Planck-Institut) für Physik
1920Charles EdouardGuillaumeMaleSwitzerland 1861Bureau International des Poids et Mesures
1919JohannesStarkMaleGermany 1874Greifswald University
1918MaxPlanckMaleGermany 1858Berlin University
1917Charles GloverBarklaMaleUnited Kingdom 1877Edinburgh University
1915WilliamBraggMaleUnited Kingdom 1862London University
1915LawrenceBraggMaleUnited Kingdom 1890Victoria University
1914Maxvon LaueMaleGermany 1879Frankfurt-on-the-Main University
1913Heike KamerlinghOnnesMaleNetherlands 1853Leiden University
1912GustafDalénMaleSweden 1869Swedish Gas-Accumulator Co.
1911WilhelmWienMaleGermany 1864Würzburg University
1910Johannes Diderikvan der WaalsMaleNetherlands 1837Amsterdam University
1909FerdinandBraunMaleGermany 1850Strasbourg University
1909GuglielmoMarconiMaleItaly 1874Marconi Wireless Telegraph Co. Ltd.
1908GabrielLippmannMaleFrance 1845Sorbonne University
1907Albert A.MichelsonMaleUnited States 1852University of Chicago
1906J.J.ThomsonMaleUnited Kingdom 1856University of Cambridge
1905PhilippLenardMaleGermany 1862Kiel University
1904Lord Rayleigh MaleUnited Kingdom 1842Royal Institution of Great Britain
1903HenriBecquerelMaleFrance 1852École Polytechnique
1903PierreCurieMaleFrance 1859École municipale de physique et de chimie industrielles
1903MarieCurieFemaleFrance 1867Sorbonne University
1902Hendrik A.LorentzMaleNetherlands 1853Leiden University
1902PieterZeemanMaleNetherlands 1865Amsterdam University
1901Wilhelm ConradRöntgenMaleGermany 1845Munich University

 

Sources: see Nobelprize

 

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