areppim column chart and statistics of the total Nobel prizes for chemistry, physics and physiology or medicine by nation, 1901 to 2017. European nations taken together received 296 or 48% of the Nobel prize awards for chemistry, physics and physiology or medicine. The United States and Canada grabbed 276 or 45%, Asia and the rest of the world won 43 or 7% and 5 or 1% of the awards respectively.

European nations taken together received 296 or 48% of the Nobel prize awards for chemistry, physics and physiology or medicine. The United States and Canada grabbed 276 or 45%, Asia and the rest of the world won 43 or 7% and 5 or 1% of the awards respectively. The surprise however is to find small nations such as Switzerland and Sweden among the top 10 heavy weights.

The list triggers a puzzling question. Are these nations prosperous because they enjoy a high scientific standing, or do they achieve scientific prowess because they have enough wealth to afford lavish spending in scientific education and research?

 

Nobel Prize Awards by Nation
1901 - 2017

Nobels for Chemistry, Physics and Physiology or Medicine

Nation

Number of awards ¹

Percent

Argentina30.5%
Australia81.3%
Austria101.6%
Belgium61.0%
Canada121.9%
China50.8%
Czech Republic10.2%
Denmark91.5%
Egypt10.2%
Finland10.2%
France335.3%
Germany7111.5%
Hungary20.3%
India10.2%
Ireland20.3%
Israel61.0%
Italy71.1%
Japan193.1%
Netherlands142.3%
New Zealand30.5%
Norway30.5%
Pakistan10.2%
Portugal10.2%
Russia152.4%
South Africa10.2%
Spain10.2%
Sweden172.7%
Switzerland182.9%
Turkey10.2%
United Kingdom8413.5%
United States26442.6%
Total620100.0%
¹ Double nationals counted twice, once for each nationality.
  National of former Czechoslovakia appears under Czech Republic.
  Nationals of former Soviet Union appear under Russia.

 

Sources: see Nobel prize

 

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