Criteria and process used by areppim's source (INSEAD and WIPO - World Intellectual Property Organization, in collaboration with Alcatel-Lucent, Booz and Company, Confederation of Indian Industry and the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission ) for computing the innovation index:
The Global Innovation Index (GII) rests upon two sub-indices, the Innovation Input Sub-Index and the Innovation Output Sub-Index, each built around pillars.
Innovation Input Sub-Index : Five input pillars capture elements of the national economy that enable innovative activities :
Institutions (3 sub-pillars : Political environment, Regulatory environment, Business environment)
Human capital and research (3 sub-pillars : Education, Tertiary education, Research and development)
Infrastructure (3 sub-pillars : ICT, Energy, General infrastructure)
Market sophistication (3 sub-pillars : Credit, Investment, Trade and competition)
Each pillar is divided into sub-pillars and each sub-pillar is composed of individual indicators.
The Innovation Input Sub-Index is the simple average of the first five pillar scores.
Score computation :
The Innovation Output Sub-Index is the simple average of the last two pillar scores.
The overall GII is the simple average of the Input and Output Sub-Indices.
The Innovation Efficiency Index is the ratio of the Output Sub-Index over the Input Sub-Index.
The areppim's 2009 innovation charts were based on the Boston Consulting Group/US National Association of Manufacturers - Manufacturing Institute (BCG/NAM) International Innovation Index using data generated through surveys and interviews. Only the 2009 index has been published.
The BCG/NAM Index is based on two major blocks:
Innovation Inputs : measured by fiscal policies, other policies, and innovation environment.
Innovation Performance : measured by R&D results, business performance, and public impact of innovation.