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Glossary of terms

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Employed, employment

The employed comprise all persons of working age who during a specified brief period, such as one week or one day, were in the following categories :
  1. Paid employment : whether at work or with a job but not at work.
  2. Self-employment : whether at work or with an enterprise (which may be a business enterprise, a farm or a service undertaking) but not at work.
 
The employment-to-population ratio (EPR) is calculated as the number of persons who are employed during a given reference period as a percent of the total of working age population in the same reference period.
 
(Key Indicators of the labor Market, 5th Edition. Geneva, ILO, 2007)